Events And Festivals In Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is a home for many cultural & religious people. This means there are a lot of festivals and events to celebrate each year. Most of these festivals and events are celebrations that can be enjoyed by everyone. Therefore, the country is also a land of never-ending festivals and events celebrating all facets of life. Here’s a list of Sri Lanka festivals that you must witness at least once in your life.
Sri Lanka Festivals And Events
The sidewalks of Ananda Coomaraswamy Mawatha in Colombo 07, alongside and opposite the National Art Gallery, come alive every month with Sri Lanka’s popular open-air art fair “Kala Pola”. This colourful event offers visitors a myriad of artistic creations representing a kaleidoscope of talent and skill of the island’s artist and sculptors. The event changed through the changing light of the day, bringing a varied palette of colour, sights and sounds to the city of Colombo until dusk finally settles over its skyline. Kala Pola is a key platform for artists and sculptors to launch and build their careers. Not only does it help them build a steady clientele, but also promotes art as a lucrative and professional career. Because of “Kala Pola”, many artists have become successful professionals; some have even gone on to launch careers in the international arena.
Thai Pongal Festival
Thai Pongal is a Hindu festival honouring the sun god Surya in January, Indra (the bringer of rains) and the cow (in no particular order). It’s marked by ceremonies at Hindu temples, after which the first grains of the new paddy harvest are ceremonially cooked in milk in a special pot – the direction in which the liquid spills when it boils over is thought to indicate good or bad luck in the coming year.
Sri Lanka Independence Day
4th February is the independence day of Sri Lanka. And it’s celebrated with parades and pageants combined with the spirit of patriotism and national pride. The celebrations begin with the hoisting of the national flag and singing the national anthem, followed by the traditional lighting of the lamp ceremony. Subsequently, there are various cultural programs as well as serving of refreshments.
This national day holds much significance for the people of Sri Lanka as it reflects the history of great sacrifices made by many Sri Lankans in the Attainment of its freedom. It is the day to pay tribute to the armed forces that played a major role in the country’s freedom struggle.
Nawam Maha Perahera
The Colombo Nawam Maha Perahera is one of the most important religious and cultural events in Sri Lanka. Mi1lions of people view this spectacle every year including an estimated 10,000 Tourists. Seating accommodation for 1,000,000 persons is provided without charge on both days. The Perehara revives the ancient forms drawing dancing troupes from all parts of the country and providing an occasion to display their prowess. The beneficiaries of events such as these are the traditional Dance Troupes, who now enjoy a revival of interest in their dance and forms of entertainment. The Perehera thus has direct relevance to the preservation of Sri Lanka ancient Cultural Heritage. The Perahara is organized by Gangarama Temple Colombo in Fullmoon Poya Day in every February.
Good Friday / Easter Sunday
On Good Friday Christians remember the day that Jesus was killed on the cross. He was nailed to a wooden cross by Roman soldiers. This is the reason why the cross is an important sign for Christians today. The Catholic Church treats Good Friday as a fast day, which in the Latin Rite of the Church is understood as having only one full meal (but smaller than a regular meal) and two collations (a smaller repast, two of which together do not equal one full meal) and on which the faithful abstain from eating meat. In countries where Good Friday is not a day of rest from work, the afternoon liturgical service is usually put off until a few hours after the recommended time of 3 p.m.
Sinhala & Tamil New Year Festival
Celebrated by all Sinhalese and Tamils, the traditional New Year celebrations fall on between 12 to 14 April. It is to celebrate the Sun God’s passage from Pisces to Aries. It is a harvest thanksgiving and is mainly celebrated by the villagers in true traditional style. A colourful and extravagant festival, this season is usually a holiday for the whole country. The Aluth Avurudu (New Year) is a time for friendships and family and many traditions are observed according to the litha (astrological time). New clothes are worn, milk boiled and traditional milk rice with sweets fill the tables. The youth spend the day engaged in various traditional games such as climbing a greased poll, pillow fighting, breaking a pot blindfolded and the girls plating swinging. The women also fill the air with Raban padha ( traditional drum instrument) dressed in their new year costume.
Wesak, the most hallowed of Buddhist festivals commemorating the birth, enlightenment and death of the Buddha is held on the full moon day in May and the day following it. Starting at dawn, Buddhists dressed in white start to make their way to the temple to observe sila, in which they spend the day meditating, reading religious texts, and listening to sermons. At night the temples are crowded with devotees bringing flowers and offerings. Nevertheless, Wesak is a joyous occasion and is celebrated with verve and imagination. Among the many striking decorations are intricate Wesak paper lanterns of different shapes and sizes, and the thousands of little clay coconut oil lamps ( pol-thel pahana) that flicker throughout the island.
In Colombo the celebrations are unsurpassed. Enormous pandals (bamboo frameworks) hung with pictures depicting events in the life of the Buddha are erected in the streets, illuminated by a myriad of flashing coloured electric light bulbs. Another special feature of Wesak is danselas (alms booths). These are temporary sheds, set up by the roadside with tables and chairs by local people, at which food and refreshment are given free to sightseers and pilgrims. In addition, puppet shows and open-air theatre performances telling Buddhist tales are held throughout the island.
The full moon day of June each year commemorates the induction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka 22 centuries ago. Although celebrated all over the island by devout Buddhists, the main celebrations are centred at Mihintale, approx. 10km, from Anuradhapura. It was at Mihintale Arahant Mahinda son of the great king Asoka of India, preached the Buddha Dhamma to King Devanampiyatissa for the first time. The king and his people were converted to Buddhism and since then Buddhism has been preserved in its pristine form to date, in this tiny island.
Kandy Esala Perahera
Esala Perahera (the festival of the tooth) is the grand festival of Esala held in Sri Lanka. It is very grand with elegant costumes. Happening in July or August in Kandy, it has become a unique symbol of Sri Lanka. It is a Buddhist festival consisting of dances and nicely decorated elephants. There are fire dances, whip-dances, Kandian dances and various other cultural dances. The elephants are usually adorned with lavish garments. The festival ends with the traditional ‘Diya-Kepeema’.
Kataragama Esala Perahera
Important Hindu event takes place in the town of Kataragama in the month of July with two weeks of celebrating the festival culminates in a spectacular performance of devotees walking over burning coals. Devotees, dressed in their dhotis and ceremonial markings, turn up with huge earthenware vessels on their heads. The festival highlight is the grand procession at night with the participation of colourfully dressed dancers, elephant and hundreds of devotees.
Every year, Hindus throughout Sri Lanka join communities around the world in celebrating the nine-day Navarathri festival. To commemorate the nine days and nights that Goddess Durga fought the Asura, she is worshipped in all her innumerable forms, signifying the triumph of good, piety and devotion over evil. Also referred to as Dasara, prayers are held for first three nights for Goddess Thurgai (bravery), second three nights for Goddess Lakshmi (wealth) and the final three nights for Goddess Saraswathy (education). In temples throughout the world, including the Veera Pathirakaali Amman Temple in Rajagiriya, Goddess Durga’s blessings are invoked. At home, a doll exhibition calledkolu is arranged. Ladies visit each other’s homes to see the kolu, bearing sweets, savory items and other gifts.
Sri Lankan Airlines Golf Classic
The Sri Lankan Airlines Golf Classic is an amateur tournament held annually in the month of October at the beautiful Victoria Golf Club, just outside Kandy. Attracting the cream of Sri Lankan Golf and enthusiasts from around the world, the event offers participants the opportunity to test themselves on a truly competitive golf course.
The tournament is open to male and female golfers with a CONGU (Council of National Golf Unions) or other recognized handicap. The competition consists of two 18 hole Stable ford rounds and each competitor must play an round on two consecutive days. The competition will be played under R&A rules.
The Victoria Golf Course has been rated amongst the 100 most beautiful courses in the world by Golf Digest. It is blessed with both a splendid undulating terrain and a spectacular scenic backdrop of hills and lake. The greens are built to USGA specifications and are of the highest quality.
Beautifully decorated wooden carved cart left the Colombo Sammaankodu Sri Kathirvelaayuthaswamy temple in Sea Street left in the morning and reached the Sammaankodu Sri Maanikka Vinayagar temple at night. The colourful procession paraded through the main streets in Colombo. Traditional musicians playing the Thavil and Naathaswaram led the procession.
In the month of July, Vel festival wended through many main streets in Colombo after a lapse of 16 years. The colourful procession started from Pettah and travel through York Street, Echelon Square and Galle Road to Bambalapity, which has been the route for the annual Vel festival for more the 100 years.
Sri Lanka is on the extreme southeastern point of India. Related to the epic of Ramayana, Deepavali (also known as Diwali) holds special importance for the people here. The festival is annually celebrated in the month of November and is marked by illumination, making of toys of enamel and making of figures out of crystal sugar popularly known as Misiri. The sugar crystals take the place of sweets. Hindus light oil lamps to invite the blessings of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Burning of crackers in the evening of the festival is a common practice of this festival.
Sri Pada (Adam’s Peak) Pilgrimage
Adam’s Peak also known as Samanalakanda (butterfly mountain), and Sivanolipatha Mala is a 2,243 meters (7,359 ft) tall conical mountain located in central Sri Lanka. These days the pilgrimage season begins on poya day in December and runs until Vesak festival in May. The busiest period is January and February. At other times the temple on the summit is unused, and between May and October the peak is obscured by clouds for much of the time. During the pilgrimage season a steady stream of pilgrims (and the odd tourist) makes the climb up the countless steps to the top. They leave from the small settlement of Dalhousie (del-house), 33km by road southwest of the tea town of Hatton, which is on the Colombo-Kandy-Nuwara Eliya railway and road. The route is illuminated in season by a string of lights, which look very pretty as they snake up the mountainside. Out of season you can still do the walk; you’ll just need a torch. Many pilgrims prefer to make the longer, much more tiring – but equally well-marked and lit – seven-hour climb from Ratnapura via the Carney Estate, because of the greater merit thus gained.
The 25th of December, the commemoration day of the birth of “Jesus Christ” is a public bank and mercantile holiday. The festivity spreads through all shopping centres all over the island. Even the small wayside boutiques in the heart of the country come out with their small festive decor.
Christmas trees decorated and lit up are a common sight in shopping complexes and every Christian home. even non-Christians make Christmas trees for their children and let them enjoy the lovely Christmas.